Personal Productivity

6 Production Businesses You Can Start with 3000 or Less|Plus Step by Step Guide.

laundry-detergent

Starting a small business can be daunting. This is especially so when it comes to garnering enough start-up capital. But what if i told you there are business you can start with 3000 or less?Not recharge card selling business but business that could yield profit if done right?
Take a look at these recipes for products that people buy everyday and build a business from them.

  1. LAUNDRY SOAP.

Two things- Make sure it has good foaming so that it cleans cloths properly.

Make sure you have good packaging as the market is already saturate.

Equipment Needed for Production

  • Mixer with stirrer
  • Casting moulds
  • Heater
  • Cutter (knife)
  • Shaping machine
  • Stamping machine
  • Hydrometer
  • Weighing scale
  • Measuring container
  • Packaging materials

You only need all this if you want to go large scale. If you are a beginner- try improvising with small household tools.

RECIPE

  • Chemicals and their Quantity
  • Caustic Soda 1KG
  • Palm kernel oil 6 LITRES
  • Soda ash 0.5KG
  • Silicate 160 LITRES
  • Sodium sulphate 160 LITRES
  • Colourant TO TASTE
  • Water 4.5 LITRES
  • Fragrance TO TASTE
  • Forming agent TO TASTE

 

PROCEDURE

Prepare the caustic soda solution by dissolving 1kg of caustic soda in 4.5 litres of water; confirm that it was a density of 1275kg/m3. Allow the solution to stand and blend for at least 3 days. Please ensure that you leave them to stand for this time or even more (the longer the better), to avoid your soap being corrosive to the users’ skin and cloths.

 

Add the soda ash to the caustic soda solution, stirring vigorously until well blended.

 

Add the colourant to the solution and continue stirring

 

Add all the palm kernel oil to the mixture and continue stirring vigorously in a clockwise direction only for some time

 

Add the forming agent and silicate and continue stirring

 

Add the frangrance and pour into moulds and allow solidification for 24 hours

 

Stamp, shape and package and you are ready for the market.

 

2.  TOILET SOAP

Toilet soaps are soaps that are mainly used for bathing and as such must be foamy and have very nice fragrance with attractive colouring. It must also feel good on the skin.

EQUIPMENT REQUIRED

Same as in production of laundry soap

FORMULATION TABLE

  • Chemicals required and their quantity
  • Palm kernel oil 3 LITRES
  • Caustic soda 1 KG
  • Coconut oil 2 LITRES
  • Bleached palm oil 1 LITRE
  • Silicate 1 LITRE
  • Colourant TO TASTE
  • Perfume TO TASTE
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Glycerine

 

PROCEDURE

Prepare the caustic soda solution as done in the laundry soap

 

Pour all the oil into the mixer and start heating

 

When it is warm, add colourant and mix properly till uniformly blend

 

Add the caustic soda solution and continue boiling and stirring

 

When all have blended, add sodium silicate and turn off the heater

 

When the temperature drops, add the frangrance

 

Stir slowly and pour into moulds

 

Allow to harden for 6-8 hours

 

Shape, stamp and package for the market

 

With these two tutorials, you can be in serious business. For the production of laundry soap, you need approximately ₦3000 to start up in small scale and you are sure to make between ₦5000 to ₦7000 as returns in less than a week, depending on your market.

 

FOR MARKETING, YOU CAN START WITH YOUR NEIGHBOURHOOD, CHURCH, WORKPLACE, MOTOR PARK, OR HOUSE TO HOUSE MARKETING.

ALSO NOTE THAT YOU WILL NEED NAFDAC APPROVAL TO ADD CREDENCE TO YOUR PRODUCTS.

 

3. MEDICATED SOAP

Medicated soap contain additives that helps kill germs and other micro organisms. They can also have other functions like skin toning and age defying agents.

 

EQUIPMENT

Same as in the production of laundry soap

 

FORMULATION

  • Chemicals required and their quantities
  • Palm kernel oil 3LITRES
  • Caustic soda solution 3 LITRES
  • Coconut oil 2 LITRES
  • Bleached palm oil 1 LITRE
  • Sodium silicate 1LITRE
  • Colourant TO TASTE
  • Perfume TO TASTE
  • Glycerine ¼ LITRES
  • Tricolans (TCC) 1 TABLESPOON
  • Borax
  • Magnesium sulphate

 

PROCEDURE

Prepare the caustic soda solution as described in laundry soap production above. Ensure that the density of the solution is as stated.

 

Dissolve magnesium sulphate and borax separately with small amount of water to form paste

 

Pour the soda ash into caustic soda solution and continue stirring

 

Add the colourant to the caustic soda solution and stir very well

 

Pour the oils into the caustic solution mixture and continue stirring vigorously in clockwise direction only.

 

Add the silicate and continue stirring

 

Then add glycerine, pink oil, tricolans, magnesium sulphate, borax and fragrance

 

Continue stirring until all the chemicals have mixed very well

 

Pour into soap moulds and allow solidifying.

 

Shape, stamp and package ready for the market

 

4.POWDERY DETERGENT

You are advised to ensure that you keep strictly to the formulation.

 

EQUIPMENT

Same as in the production of laundry soap plus drier and pulveriser (mesh net)

 

FORMULATION TABLE

  • Chemicals and the required quantity
  • Palm kernel oil or fatty acid 4 LITRES
  • Caustic soda 1 KG
  • Soda ash 2 KG
  • Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) ½ LITRES
  • Ammonium 30 MILI LITRES (MLS)
  • Industrial salt (Na2CO3) 150 MLS
  • Colourant TO TASTE
  • Perfume TO TASTE
  • Foaming agent 250 MLS
  • Sulphuric acid 30 MLS

 

PROCEDURE

Prepare the caustic soda solution as described in the production of laundry soap and ensure that the density is at the stated value.

 

Allow to stand for three days (72 hrs) minimum. You can allow it to stand for more than three days if you want but should not use when it is not up to 3 days.

 

The reason why some powdery detergent is corrosive is because the caustic soda did not blend long enough in water before starting the production process.

 

Add the soda ash to the caustic soda solution and stir very well until uniformly blended

 

Pour the palm kernel oil into the mixture and add the colourant while stirring vigorously (only in clockwise direction) till it blends well.

 

Add the hydrogen peroxide, ammonium, industrial salt, fuming agent and the perfume into the mixture above.

 

Pour into a dryer for drying or spread under the sun to dry

 

After drying pulverize or grate and then sieve.

 

Package into sachets for the market

 

 

5. PRODUCTION OF LIQUID DETERGENT

These are very powerful cleaning agent. They are more powerful than the ordinary soap. It can be used for a variety of things ranging from laundry to dish washing. You can start the production with a very small amount of money.

 

EQUIPMENT REQUIRED

Mixer, weighing scale, graduated cylinder, stirrer

 

FORMULATION TABLE

  • Chemical required and their quantity
  • CDEA 500 GRAMS
  • STPP 300 GRAMS
  • Table salt (Nacl2) 75 GRAMS
  • SLES 1 KG
  • Fragrance TO TASTE
  • Colourant TO TASTE
  • Water 8.5 LITRES

 

PROCEDURE

Measure out the required quantity of all the chemicals

 

Put the SLES into the mixer and add little water to it

Stir to smoothness

 

To the solution above add 500 grams of CDEA and continue stirring to smoothness. Add water occasionally as the need arise.

 

Put the STPP in separate water and stir well

 

Add the STPP solution into the mixer and continue stirring

 

Dissolve the salt in little amount of water and add to the mixer while continuing stirring

 

Add the perfume and continue stirring

 

Package the detergent in the right containers and start smiling to the bank.

 

6. CAR WASH SOLUTION

Many people might not know that it is not advisable to wash their cars with ordinary soap or detergent. It tends to weaken the paint on the car and subsequently leads to corrosion of the weakened parts. The best solution for washing cars is a specially formulated car washing solution. This single formula can change your financial status forever as the product is no longer enough to meet the ever increasing demand for it.

 

EQUIPMENT

Same as in the production of liquid detergent above

 

FORMULATION TABLE

  • Raw materials and their quantity
  • Antisol or parasol 1.5KG
  • Liquid Soda ash 100 GRAMS
  • Sulphoric acid 1.5 LITRES
  • Colourant AS DESIRED
  • Fragrance AS DESIRED
  • Water 23 LITRES
  • Formalin 30 MILI LITRES (MLS)
  • SLS 250 GRAMS
  • Texapoon 250 MLS

 

PROCEDURE

Soak the Antisol over night and stir till uniformly blended

 

Dissolve the soda ash in little quantity of water

 

Add the soda ash solution to the Antisol and continue stirring vigorously

 

Add the sulphuric acid, SLS and Texapoon to the mixture and continue stirring

 

Dissolve the colourant in the water and add the water to the mixture

 

Continue stirring until it blends smoothly

 

Package for the market

 

This post first appeared here

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